Charles died suddenly of stomach cancer in April 1697 aged just 41 years of age. Vind hoogwaardige nieuwsfoto's in een hoge resolutie op Getty Images Stel een vraag op Yahoo Antwoorden ; Instellingen; During the Scanian War, he had assumed what was effectively dictatorial power. The dad of Alejandro and Gabriel of Sweden is the second son of the kings of Sweden. Their children were: Margareta Elisabeth (1580–1585) Elisabeth Sabina (1582–1585) Louis (1583–1583) Catherine (1584–1638), married a prince of the Palatinate Zweibrücken, becoming mother of Charles X Gustav. With Sweden at war, Charles decided that the country needed firm leadership. Though known as King Charles XIII in Sweden, he was actually the seventh Swedish king by that name, as Charles IX had adopted his numeral after studying a fictitious history of Sweden. In 1693 Charles was granted unrestricted power by the estates to implement and safeguard his reforms. Charles II, byname The Merry Monarch, (born May 29, 1630, London—died February 6, 1685, London), king of Great Britain and Ireland (1660–85), who was restored to the throne after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth. Suggesties: Controleer uw spelling. He was the only son of King Charles X of Sweden and Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. Probeer meer algemene woorden. Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp.His parents were Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (a nephew of Charles XII of Sweden), and Anna Petrovna (a daughter of Emperor Peter I and Empress Catherine I of Russia).His mother died shortly after his birth. Charles also felt threatened by the personal union of England and the United Provinces begun under William III in 1688, and he maintained Sweden’s virtual neutrality during the War of the Grand Alliance (1689–97). The collar is lined with brown leather and a silver fabric, and has a square bracket of gilded brass with a large ring. He was married to Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, who bore his son and successor, Charles XI. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Denmark took this moment of Swedish military weakness to overrun Holstein-Gottorp and then to launch an invasion of Sweden itself – the Scanian War of 1675 to 1679. The regency had no intention of keeping to her military commitments but they were forced to do so by Louis XIV who pressurised Sweden into attacking Brandenburg. Prince Charles was appointed grand admiral when he was but few days old. With regards to land, Charles resumed the policy of resumption (reduktion) whereby former royal land sold cheaply to the nobles to raise revenue was restored to the crown. This was in stark contrast to the high nobility who lead a life that copied Louis XIV at Versailles Palace. Charles XII, 1682–1718, king of Sweden (1697–1718), son and successor of Charles XI. Artist: Ehrenstrahl, David Klöcker (1629-1698) - DTAJC4 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Charles X Gustav was the second Wittelsbach king of Sweden after … Charles XI was king of Sweden from 1660 to 1697. Charles XI was a very able king and he did a great deal to modernise Sweden. Probeer de suggesties of voer een nieuwe vraag in. Download this stock image: KING CHARLES X11 OF SWEDEN (1682-1718) - F2MHWC from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The regents adopted a foreign policy that switched from supporting Louis XIV of France or his enemies. Denmark, Poland, and Russia made a treaty in 1699, while Prussia preferred to wait and see. Probeer meer algemene woorden. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Sweden - Sweden - The reign of Charles XII: Charles XII acceded to the throne at age 15 at a time when, in the hinterland of the Baltic coast, dominated by the Swedes, new states were being formed. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. By his death in 1697, the crown owned 30% of land. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers Charles was, however, his fathers favorite, and similar to him in personality.He was also described as close to his brother Gustav during their childhood… Early life. The logic was simple. Charles XII, sometimes Carl (Swedish: Karl XII) or Latinized to Carolus Rex (17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718 O.S. While in the trenches close to the perimeter of the fortress on 11 December (30 November Old Style), 1718, Charles was struck in the head by a projectile and killed. Charles XII of Sweden, Illustration from the Book, Historical Cabinet, LH Young Publisher, New Haven, 1834. Louis XIV pressurised Brandenburg to return what had been Swedish Pomerania to Sweden in an effort to court stronger ties with a country now lead by a king rather than a group of noblemen. This is a reprint of an 1895 biography of King Charles (or Karl) XII of Sweden written by Robert Nesbit Bain. The army was reformed onto an allotment system – the so-called indelningsverket. Under guardian rule Select from premium King Of Sweden Charles Xii of the highest quality. Read more. Charles was educated under the guidance of the Queen Mother. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catherine of Sweden. Other resolutions: 185 × 240 pixels | 598 × 775 pixels. Download this stock image: The Family of Charles XI of Sweden with relatives from the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp, 1691. Their first son was born about a year before Charles, but died within a day. He was 4 when he was crowned king, so a regency existed until he was 18. Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "Charles XI of Sweden". Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The alliance of the two nations in opposition to Dutch commercial influence in the Baltic was sealed by Charles XI’s marriage to Ulrika Eleonora (1680), sister of King Christian V of Denmark. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found 2 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word charles xi of sweden: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "charles xi of sweden" is defined. 4 Oct 2015. Charles XII ascended the Swedish throne at the age of 15 in 1697. Charles XII was an exceptionally skilled military leader and tactician. The regency period lasted only a few months, however, before Gustav Adolf took full power. In his early childhood, raised in the Swedish court alongside his cousin Queen Christina, he received an excellent civil education. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. He was 4 when he was crowned king, so a regency existed until he was 18. Charles XI, also Carl also Charles IV was King of Sweden from 1660 until his death, in a period of Swedish history known as the Swedish Empire. He was described as a good dancer at the amateur theatre of the royal court. In 1680, the Riksrag (which represented the lesser classes in Sweden’s government) declared that Charles was no longer bound by the decisions of the Rad. Dec 15, 2013 - Ingela Olofsdotter Gathenhielm née Hammar, (11 September 1692 – 29 April 1729), was a Swedish privateer in service of King Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War. Samuel Johnson (1709-1784). Charles XI was king of Sweden from 1660 to 1697. Charles was more concerned with his own power in Sweden. Charles XI, (born Nov. 24, 1655, Stockholm—died April 5, 1697, Stockholm), king of Sweden who expanded royal power at the expense of the higher nobility and the lower estates, establishing an absolutist monarchy that ended only with the death of Charles XII in 1718. They openly flaunted their wealth at a time when Charles was seen as living a pious and, by the standards of a monarch, meager lifestyle. #history #animals #sweden #dogs #charles xi of sweden. His father was Charles I of England, who was executed after losing a war with Parliament. This was a conscript citizen army paid for by being given farms from land that had been returned to the king as a result of resumption. Click to read more about History of Charles XII, King of Sweden by Voltaire. Charles XII led numerous military campaigns to make Sweden the dominant power in Northern Europe. Charles was, however, described as close to his brother Gustav during their childhood. In foreign affairs Charles and his principal advisers saw a balance of power among France, the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, and England as the best protection for Swedish interests. The crown was better off during this time as a result of revenue from foreign subsidies, but this dependence of foreign money soon backfired. He now had no intention of giving it up when Sweden was not involved in a war. In 1680, the Table of Ranks was introduced. Under Gustavus, Sweden had been the leading power in the Baltic. Those responsible for these failings which culminated in the invasion of Sweden by Denmark, were the high nobles. Prince Charles was appointed grand admiral when he was but few days old. Charles XIII, or Carl XIII,, was King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway from 1814 to his death. Charles, along with Gustavus Adolphus, was one of Sweden’s most important monarchs in the Seventeenth Century. Charles assumed control of the armies and the administration after the Swedish defeat at Fehrbellin by the forces of the electorate of Brandenburg in 1675, which encouraged Denmark to invade its former province of Skåne in Sweden. Shortly before his death Charles arranged for the continuation of his dynastic ties with the House of Holstein-Gottorp and served, though he had little effective power, in his cherished role of mediator at the Treaty of Rijswijk (1697), which concluded the War of the Grand Alliance. His parents were Charles I, who ruled the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Henrietta Maria, the sister of the French king Louis XIII.Charles was their second child. Maria Magdalena (b. Graz, 7 October 1589 – d. Padua, 1 November 1631), married on 19 October 1608 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. 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